بررسی عملکرد جو (Hordeum vulgare L.) و باقلا (Vicia faba L.) در تراکم و ترکیب های مختلف کشت مخلوط از طریق شاخص های رقابتی

نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

چکیده

به منظور بررسی کشت مخلوط جو (Hordeum vulgare L.) و باقلا (Vicia faba L.) آزمایشی به صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک-های کامل تصادفی با دو عامل و سه تکرار در دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع ساری در سال زراعی 87-1386 انجام گرفت. فاکتور اول شامل دو نسبت بذر (D1 (نسبت مطلوب بذر): به ترتیب 75 و 150 کیلوگرم باقلا و جو در هکتار و D2 (نسبت زیاد بذر): به ترتیب 100 و 200 کیلوگرم باقلا و جو در هکتار) و فاکتور دوم شامل نسبت های مختلف کاشت (:P1 تک کشتی باقلا، :P2 50% باقلا+ 50% جو، P3: 75% باقلا+ 25% جو، P4: 25% باقلا+ 75% جو و P5: تک کشتی جو) بود. با محاسبه نسبت برابری زمین (LER) مشخص شد که ترکیب 75 % باقلا+ 25% جو در تراکم بالا و ترکیب 25% باقلا+ 75% جو با تراکم مطلوب از حداکثر کارایی استفاده از زمین برخوردار بودند. با توجه به معنی دار بودن اثر متقابل تراکم در نسبت کشت بر عملکرد و برخی شاخص های رقابتی دو گونه، بیشترین عملکرد جو و باقلا (به ترتیب 66/3306 و 56/4884 کیلوگرم در هکتار) در تک کشتی با تراکم بالا مشاهده شد. در این آزمایش ترکیب 75% باقلا+ 25% جو در تراکم بالا موجب بیشترین عملکرد مخلوط، ضریب غالبیت و 27% افزایش عملکرد جو در مخلوط نسبت به تک کشتی آن گردید. همچنین حداکثر ضریب غالبیت و 17% افزایش عملکرد باقلا در مخلوط نسبت به کشت خالص آن از ترکیب 25% باقلا+ 75% جو با تراکم مطلوب بدست آمد. به علاوه تیمار 75 % باقلا+ 25% جو در نسبت مطلوب بذر از حداکثر شاخص تولید سیستم برخوردار بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and faba bean (Vicia faba L.) yield in different density and mixture intercropping via competition indices

نویسندگان [English]

  • F Eslami Khalili
  • H Pirdashti
  • A Motaghian
چکیده [English]

In order to study the intercropping of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and faba bean (Vicia faba L.) an experiment was conducted as factorial based on randomized complete block design with two factors and three replications at Sari Agricultural Science and Natural Resources University during 2009. The first factor was two seed ratios include D1: 75 and 150 kg.ha-1 of faba bean and barley, respectively (optimum seed ratio) and D2: 100 and 200 kg.ha-1 of faba bean and barley, respectively (high seed ratio) and the second factor consisted of different planting ratio, P1: sole cropping of faba bean, P2: 50% faba bean + 50 % barley, P3: 75% faba bean + 25% barley, P4: 25% faba bean + 75% barley, P5: sole cropping of barley. Land equivalent ratio (LER) indicated that intercropping of 25% faba bean + 75% barley was better than 50% faba bean + 50% barley. According to significant interaction effects of density and intercropping ratio in terms of seed yield and some competitive indices for both crop species, the highest barley and faba bean yield (3306.66 and 4884.56 kg.ha-1, respectively) were observed in sole cropping with high density. In this experiment, the 75 % faba bean + 25 % mixture with high density was recorded highest intercropping yield, barley aggressivity value and 27% yield increases of barley in mix-proportion compared to sole crops. Also, the most of faba bean aggressivity value and faba bean yield increases in mix-proportion compared to sole crop were obtained when 25% faba bean + 75% barley mixture with optimum density was used. Furthermore the 75% faba bean + 25% barley treatment plus optimum seed ratio had highest system productivity index.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Actual yield loss
  • Aggresivity value
  • Land equivalent ratio
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