Aims and Scope

Although industrial agriculture achievements in food production are undeniable, the negative consequences of industrial agriculture in terms of economic, social, and environmental are also significant. Soil erosion and genetic resources, pollution of water and soil resources, food pollution from chemical residues and rising greenhouse gases, and global warming are just some of the problems Irregular agricultural activities by humans. For this reason, it is used today in the search for an alternative type of agriculture based on fundamentals of ecology in agricultural operations, and special attention has been paid. Such an approach would not be possible except with a systematic approach to agriculture and within the so-called ecosystem framework, thus making it necessary to design ecosystems based on ecological principles.