عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction The rising population of the world on the one hand and the scarcity and limitation of food resources on the other hand have led researchers and those involved in the agricultural sector of the world to think of finding more appropriate and effective solutions to feed millions of people, especially in Be third world countries. Guar is an annual plant of the legume family that due to its tolerance to salinity and drought conditions, this plant can be used as an alternative product with potential in low water plains. Determining the appropriate planting date and optimal plant density are very important factors that play an important role in the optimal use of environmental factors as well as high plant yield.
Materials and Methods This experiment was performed in the form of split plots in a randomized complete block design with 3 replications in 1398 in Mohammadieh Agricultural Research Station, Birjand. Experimental factors include planting date in four levels (May 10, June 10, June 25 and July 10) as main plots and plant density in three levels (distances of 10, 20 and 30 cm between plants in a row) as plots Guar cultivar was a Pakistani mass that was prepared from Pakan Bazar Isfahan Company. For planting, the land was plotted after preparation so that each plot consists of 4 ridges 60 cm wide and 3 m long which are on Each row of two rows was planted manually at a depth of five centimeters and irrigation was carried out immediately. After reaching the final height of Guar plant and physiological maturity before final harvest, taking into account the marginal effect of five plants from each plot, they were randomly selected and the characteristics of plant height, number of sub-branches per plant, pod length, number of pods per plant, number Pods per plant, 1000-seed weight, initial plant weight, plant weight without pods and pod weight were measured. The traits of number of pods per square meter, plant yield and biological yield were calculated after removing the marginal effects based on plants harvested from one square meter in the middle of each plot. Data were analyzed using SAS software (V9.1) and comparisons of means were performed by Duncan method at 5% level and graphs were drawn with Excel.
Results and Discussion One of the most important fields of research on legumes is the study of different environmental conditions affecting their quantitative (biological) yield and economic performance. Therefore, studying and obtaining the best growing environment conditions that can lead to crop production with the highest economic yield is one of the most important goals in research related to the cultivation of legumes. The results of the present study showed that seed yield and its components were affected by planting date and with delay in planting, the amount of studied traits was significantly reduced, so that this decrease was more in the planting date of 10 July because the planting date Late exposure of guava plants to adverse conditions such as lower temperature, more humidity and less day length at the end of the growing season and causes a decrease in grain yield. Also, in this experiment, planting density levels on the studied traits were significant and according to the results of the experiment, it can be stated that with increasing plant density, the distribution of sources such as light, nutrients and moisture between plants was more favorable. It led to an increase in grain yield and biological yield per unit area, so that the highest grain yield and biological yield was obtained at the highest density (10 cm distance between plants per row). Therefore, planting at higher plant densities will probably be economically justified.
Conclusions Based on this research, it can be concluded that if the guava plant is planted in early June at a distance of 10 cm between plants, the maximum yield and components will be obtained.