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اسماعیل رضائی چیانه یحیی رسولی جلال جلیلیان مسعود قدسی

چکیده

این آزمایش به­منظور بررسي مقايسه الگوهاي مختلف كشت مخلوط ردیفی نخود (Cicer arietinum L.) و جو (Hordeum vulgare L.) تحت تأثیر کودهای زیستی و شیمیایی، به صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوك­هاي کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار و 24 تیمار در مزرعه­ای واقع در آذربایجان غربی- شهرستان نقده در سال زراعي 1393- 1392 به اجرا در آمد. عامل اول شش نوع الگوی كاشت شامل كشت خالص نخود، كشت خالص جو، كشت مخلوط 1 ردیف جو+ 1 ردیف نخود، 2 ردیف جو+ 2 ردیف نخود، 4ردیف جو+ 2ردیف نخود و 2 ردیف جو+ 4 ردیف نخود و عامل دوم چهار سطح كود شامل عدم کاربرد کود (شاهد)، 100% كود شيميايي (NP) ،کود زیستی (ازتو بارور 1+ فسفاته بارور 2) و 50% كود شيميايي+ كود زیستی بود. نتایج در مورد گیاه نخود نشان داد که بیشترین عمکرد دانه از کشت خالص با 75/220 گرم در متر مربع و کمترین عملکرد دانه با میانگین 91/78 گرم در متر مربع مربوط به الگوی کشت یک ردیف جو+ یک ردیف نخود بود. بین تیمارهای کودی مورد استفاده بیشترین عملکرد دانه و بیولوژیک نخود از تیمار تلفیقی کود شیمیایی+ کود زیستی و کمترین عملکرد از تیمار عدم مصرف کود به­دست آمد. نتایج نشان داد که بیشترین عمکرد دانه جو (12/414 گرم در متر مربع) از کشت خالص و کمترین عملکرد دانه (66/206 گرم در متر مربع) مربوط به الگوی کشت یک ردیف جو+ یک ردیف نخود بود. در بررسی تیمارهای کودی بیشترین و کمترین عملکرد دانه و بیولوژیک به ترتیب از تیمار تلفیقی کود شیمیایی+ کود زیستی و شاهد به­دست آمد. کشت مخلوط 2 ردیف جو+ 2 ردیف نخود در شرایط کاربرد کود شیمیایی بیشترین (34/1) میزان نسبت برابری زمین کل را در بین الگوهای مختلف کشت مخلوط به خود اختصاص داد که معادل 34 درصد افزایش در بهره­وری استفاده از زمین نسبت به کشت خالص دو گونه بود با توجه به اهداف كشاورزي پايدار با هدف حذف يا كاهش قابل ملاحظه مصرف نهاده­هاي شيميايي، تيمار عدم كاربرد كود و كود دهي تلفيقي براي نسبت 2 ردیف جو+ 2 ردیف نخود مناسب و قابل توجيه است.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

ازتو باکتر, الگوی کاشت, سودوموناس, کشاورزی پایدار, نسبت برابري زمين

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ارجاع به مقاله
رضائی چیانها., رسولیی., جلیلیانج., & قدسیم. (2018). ارزیابی عملکرد کمی و کیفی نخود (Cicer arietinum L.) و جو (Hordeum vulgare L.) در کشت مخلوط تحت تأثیر کودهای زیستی و شیمیایی در شرایط آبیاری تکمیلی. بوم شناسی کشاورزی, 11(1), 69-85. https://doi.org/10.22067/jag.v11i1.71201
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی