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عصمت محمدی حمیدرضا اصغری احمد غلامی سرور خرم دل

چکیده

به منظور بررسي اثر سيستم‏هاي مختلف خاک‏ورزی و مديريت تغذيه‏اي بر گياه ذرت سينگل کراس 704 (Zea mays L.)، آزمايشي به صورت کرت‏هاي خرد شده در قالب طرح پايه بلوک‏هاي کامل تصادفي با سه تکرار در مزرعه تحقيقاتي دانشکده کشاورزي دانشگاه صنعتي شاهرود در سال 95-1394 اجرا گرديد. تيمارهاي آزمايشي شامل سيستم‏هاي خاک‏ورزی در دو سطح (مرسوم و کم‏خاک‏ورزی) به عنوان عامل اصلي و مديريت تغذيه‏اي در هفت سطح شامل (شاهد، کود شيميايي، کود دامي، بيوچار، کود شيميايي + دامي، کود شيميايي + بيوچار و کود دامي + بيوچار) به عنوان عامل فرعي بودند. نتايج نشان داد که مديريت تغذيه‏اي اثر معني‏داري بر عناصر غذايي، پروتئين دانه، ويژگي‏هاي بلال، وزن صد دانه، عملکرد بيولوژيک، عملکرد دانه و شاخص برداشت داشت.کمترين و بيشترين نيتروژن دانه، وزن بلال، عملکرد بيولوژيک و عملکرد دانه به ترتيب مربوط به شاهد و کود شيميايي بود. کود شيميايي + دامي نيتروژن دانه، وزن بلال، عملکرد بيولوژيک و عملکرد دانه را به ترتيب 89/13، 19/56،04/47 و 41/60 درصد نسبت به شاهد افزايش داد. همچنين کود شيميايي + بيوچاربه ترتيب باعث افزايش 81/14، 78/52، 69/42 و 32/56 درصدي نيتروژن دانه، وزن بلال، عملکرد بيولوژيک و عملکرد دانه نسبت به شاهد شد. کود شيميايي + دامي و کود شيميايي + بيوچار با کود شيميايي تفاوت معني‏داري را نشان ندادند. همچنين بين دو سطح خاک‏ورزی مرسوم و کم‏خاک‏ورزی اختلاف معني‏داري در عناصر غذايي، پروتئين دانه، ويژگي‏هاي بلال، وزن صد دانه، عملکرد بيولوژيک، عملکرد دانه و شاخص برداشت مشاهده نشد. بنابراين مي‏توان به منظور جلوگيري از اثرات مخرب خاک‏ورزی مرسوم و آلايندگي خاک‏هاي اراضي زراعي به کود شيميايي نيتروژن و حفظ کيفيت و سلامت خاک، استفاده از کم‏خاک‏ورزی به همراه کود شيميايي + دامي و کود شيميايي + بيوچار را توصيه نمود.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

بيوچار, پروتئين دانه, خاک‏ورزی مرسوم, عملکرد دانه, کم خاک ورزی, کود دامي

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ارجاع به مقاله
محمدیع., اصغریح., غلامیا., & خرم دلس. (2018). اثر مديريت تغذيه‏اي بر عملکرد و اجزاي عملکرد گياه ذرت (Zea mays L.) تحت تأثير سيستم‏هاي مختلف خاک‏ورزی. بوم شناسی کشاورزی, 11(1), 295-307. https://doi.org/10.22067/jag.v11i1.65869
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی