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رضا عارفی افشین سلطانی حسین عجم نوروزی

چکیده

مصرف سموم خسارت ناشی از آفات و بیماری را کاهش می­دهد، ولی در عوض آلودگی محیط زیست٬ انسان٬ دام٬ آبزیان، حشرات و غیره را سبب می شود. این مقاله اثرات منفی سموم مورد استفاده در مزارع پنبه (Gossypium herbaceum L.) را با استفاده از مدل EIQ مورد بحث و بررسی قرارداد است نتایج این تحقیق نشان داد که مصرف سموم بیشترین تأثیر را در بین سه مؤلفه اصلی کارگران مزرعه، مصرف­کنندگان و جزء اکولوژیک بر بخش اکولوژیک که شامل اجزاء آبزیان، زنبورها، موجودات مفید و پرندگان بود داشت. در بین حشره­کش‌ های مورد استفاده، پروفنفوس (کواکرون) و تیودیکارپ (لاروین) دارای بیشترین ضریب اثر محیطی مزرعه­ای بودند. بیشترین ضریب اثر محیطی مزرعه­ای در بین علف­کش­ها مربوط به تریفورالین (ترفلان) بود. بین میزان شاخص تأثیر زیست محیطی مزرعه ای آفت­کش­ها و عملکرد پنبه رابطه­ای مثبت معنی­دار و مستقیمی وجود داشت. این عبارت بدان معنی نیست که افزایش عملکرد مستلزم استفاده بیشتر از سموم می‌باشد بلکه از طریق راه­های مختلف میزان عملکرد اقتصادی را حفظ و اثرات مخرب زیست محیطی سموم را کاهش داد اجرا سیستم‌های مدیریتی مختلف مبارزه تلفیقی آفات و علف­های هرز جهت کاهش مصرف سموم توصیه می­شود.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

آفت¬کش¬ها, ضریب اثر محیطی, علف¬کش¬ها, کنترل شیمیایی

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ارجاع به مقاله
عارفی ر., سلطانی ا., & عجم نوروزی ح. (2019). ارزیابی زیست محیطی سموم کشاورزی مورد استفاده در مزارع پنبه (Gossypium herbaceum L.) استان گلستان. بوم شناسی کشاورزی, 10(4), 1135-1148. https://doi.org/10.22067/jag.v10i4.61847
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی

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