##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

دیاکو رسولی ٰٰٰٰرقیه محمدپور وشوایی براتعلی فاخری

چکیده

به­منظور بررسی تأثیر تنظیم­کننده­های زیستی بر صفات مورفولوژیک، فیزیولوژیک و ترکیبات اسانس گیاه داروییAmmi visnaga (L.)  آزمایشی در قالب طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی در دانشگاه زابل در سال زراعی 94-1393 انجام گرفت. تیمارهای استفاده شده در این پژوهش شامل اسید سالیسیلیک، اسید سینامیک و اسید بنزوئیک با سه سطح 5، 10 و 20 میلی­گرم بر لیتر و اسید آمینه­های فنیل آلانین و تیروزین با سه سطح 50، 100 و 200 میلی­گرم بر لیتر بودند. نتایج نشان داد که تنظیم­کننده­های زیستی باعث افزایش میزان صفات مورد بررسی شدند. همچنین تیمار اسید بنزوئیک 20 میلی­گرم بر لیتر بیشترین تأثیر را به نسبت سایر تیمارها داشت؛ به طوری­که باعث افزایش معنی­داری در رشد رویشی (16/46 درصد)، محتوای آب نسبی (17/60 درصد)، رنگیزه­های فتوسنتزی (کلروفیل a، کلروفیل b، کارتنوئید، کلروفیل  a+ کلروفیل b و (کلروفیل  a+ کلروفیل b)/ کارتنوئید به­ترتیب 63/77، 6/60، 67/66، 32/73 و 12/19 درصد)، هیدرات­های کربن (43/53 درصد)، عملکرد میوه (1/60 درصد) و درصد و عملکرد اسانس (78/72 و 28/32 درصد) به نسبت شاهد شد. نتــایج حاصل از ایــن تحقیــق بیان داشت کــه کاربرد تنظیم­کننده­های زیستی بـا هـدف کـاهش مصرف کودهاي شـیمیایی، در افزایش عملکرد کمـی و کیفـی گیـاه دارویـی Ammi visnaga و همچنـین پایداري تولیــد و حفــظ محـیط­زیـست تــأثیر مثبتــی داشته است.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

اسانس, اسید آمینه, تنظیم¬کننده¬های زیستی, ترکیبات فنلی, Ammi visnaga

مراجع
Adams, R.P. 2001. Identification of Essential Oil Components by Gas Chromatography/ uadrupole Mass Spectroscopy. Allured: Carol Stream. USA.
Adisakwattana, S., Sompong, W., Meeprom, A., Ngamukote, S., and Yibchok-Anun, S. 2012. Cinnamic acid and its derivatives inhibit fructose-mediated protein glycation. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 13: 1778-1789.
Astarai, A., and Koocheki, A. 1997. The Use of Biological Fertilizers in Sustainable Agriculture. Mashhad ID Press, Mashhad, Iran. (In Persian)
Belde, M., Matteis, A., Sprengle, B., Albrecht, B., and Hurle, H. 2000. Long- term development of yield affecting weeds after the change from conventional to integrated and organic farming. In: proceeding 20 German Conference on weed Biology and Weed Control 17: 291-301.
Bown, D. 1995. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London, ISBN 0-7513-020-31.
Charles, D.J., Joly, R.J., and Simon, J.E. 1990. Effect of osmotic stress on the essential oil content and composition of peppermint. Photochemistry 29(9): 2837–2840.
Ghasemzadeh, A., and Jaafar, H. 2012. Effect of salicylic acid application on biochemical changes in ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe). Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 6: 790–795.
Chevalier, A. 1996. The Encycclopedia of Medicinal Plants. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 9-780751-303148.
Cohen, S., and Kennedy, J. 2010. Plant metabolism and the environment: Implications for managing phenolics. Food Science and Nutrition 50: 620–643.
Erisman, J.W. 2004. The Nanjing declaration on management of reactive nitrogen. Bioscience 54: 4286-4287.
Garde-Cerdán, T., López, R., Portu, J., González-Arenzana, L., López-Alfaro, I., and Santamaría, P. 2014. Study of the effects of proline, phenylalanine, and urea foliar application to Tempranillo vineyards on grape amino acid content. Comparison with commercial nitrogen fertilizers. Food Chemistry 163: 136-141.
Hamidi, A., Ghalavand, A., Dehghan, M., Malakuti, M.J., Asgharzade, A., and Chokan, R. 2005. The effect of application of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria on the yield of fodder maize (Zea mays L.). Pajouhesh and Sazandegi 70: 16-22. (In Persian with English Summary)
Ibrahim, M., and Jaafar, H. 2011. Involvement of carbohydrate, protein and phenylanine ammonialyase in up-regulation of secondary metabolites in Labisia pumila under various CO2 and N2 levels. Molecules 16: 4172–4190.
Jamshidi, M., Ahmadi, H.R., Rezazadeh, S.h., Fathi, F., and Mazanderani, M. 2010. Study on phenolicd and anioxidant activity of some selected plant of Mazandaran province. Journal of Medical Planats 9(34): 177-183. (In Persian with English Summary)
Jiang, Y., and Huang, N. 2001. Drought and heat stress injury to two cool-season turfgrasses in relation to antioxidant metabolism and lipid peroxidation. Crop Science 41: 436-442.
Kang, C., and Wang, C.H. 2003. Salicylic acid changes activities of H2O2 metabolizing enzymes and increases the chilling tolerance of banana seedlings. Environment and Experimental Botany 9-15.
Khadhri, A., El Mokni, R., Mguis, K., Ouerfelli, I., and Eduarda, M.M.A. 2011. Variability of two essential oils of Ammi visnaga (L) Lam. a traditional Tunisian medicinal plant. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 5(20): 5079–5082.
Lichtenthaler, H.K. 1987. Chlorophylls and carotenoids: Pigments of photosynthetic biomembranes. Methods in Enzymology 148: 350-382.
Lrigoyen, J.J., and Emerich, D.W. 1992. Water stress induced changes in concentration of praline and total soluble sugars in modulates alfalfa (Medicago satire) plants. Physiologic Planetarium 84: 55-60.
Myung-Min, H., Trick, H.N., and Rajasheka, E.B. 2009. Secondary metabolism and antioxidant are involved in environmental adaptation and stress tolerance in lettuce. Journal of Plant Physiology 166: 180-191.
Nagarja, G., Gowda J., and Farooqi, A. 1999. Effect of growth regulators on growth and flowering of Tuberose cv. Single. Karantaka Journal of Agriculture Science 12: 234-238.
Nardi, S., Pizzeghello, D., Muscolo, A., and Vianello, A. 2002. Physiological effects of humic substances on higher plants. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 34: 1527-1536.
Nosengo, N. 2003. Fertilized to death. Nature 425: 894.895.
Ozturk, A., Unlukara, A., Ipek, A., and Gurbuz, B. 2004. Effects of Salt Stress and Water Deficit on Plant Growth and Essential oil Content of Lemon Balm (Melissa officialis L.). Pakistan Journal of Botany 36(4): 787-792.
Pérez, M.G.F., Rocha-Guzmán, N.E., Mercado-Silva, E., Loarca-Piña, G., and Reynoso-Camacho, R. 2014. Effect of chemical elicitors on peppermint (Mentha piperita) plants and their impact on the metabolite profile and antioxidant capacity of resulting infusions. Food Chemistry 156: 273-278.
Pessarakli, M. 1999. Handbook of Plant and Crop Stress. Marcel Dekker Inc.
Preeti, H., and Gogoi, S. 1997. Effects of preplant chemical treatment of bulbs on growth and flowering of Polianthes tuberosa cv. Single. Annuals Biology 13: 145-149.
Rezvani Moghaddam, P., Raoofi, M.R., Rashed Mohassel, M.H., and Moradi, R. 2009. Evaluation of sowing patterns and weed control on mung bean (Vigna radiate L. Wilczek)- black cumin (Nigella sativa L.) intercropping system. Journal of Agroecology 1(1): 65-79. (In Persian with English Summary)
Rice-Evans, C.A., Miller, N.J., and Paganga, G. 1997. Antioxidant properties of phenolic compounds. Trends Plant Science 2: 152-159.
Rose, J., and Hulburd, J. 1992. The Aromatherapy Book Applications and Inhalations. North Atlantic Books, Health & Fitness 375 pp.
Sajjadi Niaki, H., Darzi, M.T., and Haj Seyed Hadi, M.R. 2016. Effects of vermicompst and nitroxin biofertilizer on quantity and quality of essential oil of dragonhead (Dracocephalum moldavica L.). Journal of Agroecology 8(2): 241-250. (In Persian with English Summary)
Satrani, B., Farah, A., Fechtal, M., Talbi, M., and Bouamri, M.L. 2004. Chemical composition and antimicrobial and antifungal activities of the essential oil of Ammi visnaga (L.) Lam from Marocco. Acta Botanica Gallica 151 (1): 65–71.
Taguchi, G., Yazawa, T., Hayashida, N., and Okazaki, M. 2001. Molecular cloning and heterologous expression of novel glucosyltransferases from tobacco cultured cells that have broad substrate specificity and are induced by salicylic acid and auxin. European Journal of Biochemistry 268(14): 4086-4094.
Uphof, J.C.T. 1959. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Science 890 pp.
Wu, S.C., Caob, Z.H., Lib, Z.G., Cheunga, K.C., and Wong, M.H. 2005. Effects of biofertilizer containing N-fixer, P and K solubilizers and AM fungi on maize growth: A greenhouse trial. Geoderma 125: 155–166.
Yang, R.X., Gao, Z.G., Liu, X., Yao, Y., Cheng, Y., Huang, J., and McDermott, M.I. 2015. Effects of phenolic compounds of muskmelon root exudates on growth and pathogenic gene expression of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. melonis. Allelopathy Journal 35(2): 175-186.
ارجاع به مقاله
رسولید., محمدپور وشواییٰ., & فاخریب. (2018). اثر تنظیم¬کننده¬های زیستی بر صفات مورفولوژیک، فیزیولوژیک و ترکیبات اسانس Ammi visnaga (L.). بوم شناسی کشاورزی, 11(1), 309-320. https://doi.org/10.22067/jag.v11i1.61527
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی