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مریم بستانی مهدی صیدی زهرا طهماسبی

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف بررسی اثر کاربرد پلیمر آبدوست A200، سایه‌اندازی و خاک¬پوش پلاستیکی بر عملکرد و کیفیت گوجه‌فرنگی (Solanum lycopersicum L.) رقم Early Urbana VF 132- 7171 تحت رژیم¬های مختلف آبیاری در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشگاه ایلام در سال زراعی 94-1393، به صورت کرت‌های خرد شده در قالب طرح پایه بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار انجام شد. فاکتور اصلی شامل سه رژیم آبیاری سه، شش و نه روزه (برابر ظرفیت زراعی خاک) ‌و فاکتور فرعی شامل هشت تیمار خاک¬پوش، پلیمر آبدوست، سایه‌اندازی، خاک¬پوش + پلیمر آبدوست، خاک¬پوش + سایه‌اندازی، پلیمر آبدوست + سایه‌اندازی، خاک¬پوش + ‌سایه‌اندازی+ ‌پلیمر آبدوست و شاهد بودند. نتایج نشان داد که افزایش دور آبیاری عملکرد و اجزای مهم آن را کاهش و درصد پوسیدگی گلگاه و ترک‌خوردگی میوه¬ها را افزایش داد. بیشترین عملکرد کل و بالقوه توسط تیمار پلیمر آبدوست + سایه‌انداز + خاک‌پوش و بالاترین درصد میوه¬های بازارپسند متعلق به تیمارهای پلیمر آبدوست، خاک¬پوش و سایه¬انداز + خاک¬پوش بود. کاربرد سایه¬انداز به تنهایی و یا توأم با خاک¬پوش و پلیمر آبدوست باعث به حداقل رساندن درصد میوه¬های آفتاب¬سوخته گردید. درشت¬ترین میوه¬ها توسط تیمارهایی تولید شد که خاک¬پوش پلاستیکی در آن¬ها مشارکت داشت. به¬طور¬کلی، در شرایط آبیاری با فواصل کم، ترکیب تیماری پلیمر آبدوست + سایه‌انداز + خاک‌پوش و در شرایط کمبود شدید منابع آب و آبیاری با فواصل بیش از شش روز، افزودن پلیمر آبدوست A200 به تنهایی جهت بهبود عملکرد و کیفیت محصول گوجه¬فرنگی به¬عنوان تیمارهای برتر مشخص شدند.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
بستانیم., صیدیم., & طهماسبیز. (2016). اثر کاربرد همزمان پلیمر آبدوست رطوبت، سایه‎انداز و خاک‎پوش بر عملکرد کمی و کیفی گوجه‎فرنگی (Solanum lycopersicum L.) در شرایط کم آبیاری. بوم شناسی کشاورزی, 9(3), 878-891. https://doi.org/10.22067/jag.v9i3.57683
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی