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علیرضا کریمی گوغری محمدعلی بهدانی محمدحسن فتحی سیدوحید اسلامی

چکیده

در مطالعه حاضر کمیت و کیفیت علوفه گلرنگ (Carthamus tinctorius L.) تحت تأثیر مصرف ورمی¬کمپوست و کودهای تکمیلی در دو منطقه در استان کرمان در سال زراعی 94-1393 ارزیابی شد. تیمارهای آزمایشی شامل ترکیبی از دو سطح ورمی¬کمپوست (صفر و شش تن در هکتار) و 12 سطح کودهای تکمیلی (عدم کاربرد، گوگرد 100 کیلوگرم در هکتار، گوگرد 200 کیلوگرم در هکتار، روی با غلظت سه میلی¬لیتر در لیتر، بُر با غلظت دو میلی¬لیتر در لیتر، چهار ترکیب دوگانه و دو ترکیب سه¬گانه این سه عنصر) بود. نتایج نشان داد کاربرد ورمی¬کمپوست باعث افزایش عملکرد ماده خشک و مقادیر خاکستر، کلسیم و پروتئین خام شد، ولی تأثیر معنی¬داری بر چربی خام و فیبر نامحلول در شوینده اسیدی و شوینده خنثی نداشت. کاربرد شش تن در هکتار ورمی¬کمپوست با افزایش 2/37 درصدی عملکرد ماده خشک همراه بود. افزودن کودهای تکمیلی به‌ویژه در حالات ترکیبی با افزایش ماده خشک، خاکستر، کلسیم، پروتئین خام و چربی خام و کاهش فیبرهای نامحلول در شوینده اسیدی و خنثی باعث افزایش کیفیت علوفه گردید. مقدار ماده خشک بوته¬ها در تیمار بدون کاربرد کودهای تکمیلی 1/46 درصد کمتر از تیمار مصرف ترکیبی 200 کیلوگرم در هکتار گوگرد با روی و بُر بود. پاسخ بوته¬ها هم به ورمی¬کمپوست و هم به کودهای تکمیلی در کرمان بهتر از بردسیر بود. علاوه بر شرایط آب و هوایی، وضعیت بهتر خاک در مزرعه کرمان می¬تواند دلیل این تفاوت باشد. به¬طورکلی، در هر دو مکان، کاربرد ورمی¬کمپوست و کودهای تکمیلی اثر هم¬افزایی داشت، به¬طوری¬که بیشترین و بهترین علوفه در تیمارهای کاربرد ورمی¬کمپوست همراه با ترکیب سه¬گانه گوگرد، روی و بُر مشاهده شد.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
کریمی گوغری ع., بهدانی م., فتحی م., & اسلامی س. (2016). تأثیر مصرف ورمی¬کمپوست و عناصر کم¬مصرف بر کمیت و کیفیت علوفه گلرنگ (Carthamus tinctorius L.). بوم شناسی کشاورزی, 9(3), 862-877. https://doi.org/10.22067/jag.v9i3.56280
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی

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