اصغر رحیمی علی اکبر ‍‍ پورمحمدی


یکی از راهکارهای مناسب برای بهبود کیفیت محصولات کشاورزی به کارگیری کودهای آلی در تولید محصولات می‌باشد. بر این اساس به منظور بررسی تأثیر کاربرد کود ورمی‌کمپوست و محلول‌پاشی چای‌کمپوست و اسید ‌هیومیک بر عملکرد، اجزای عملکرد در گیاه اسفرزه (Plantago ovata L.) آزمایشی به¬صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشگاه ولی‌عصر (عج) رفسنجان در سال 1392 انجام شد. تیمارها شامل کاربرد ورمی‌کمپوست (صفر، 4، 8، 12 و 16 تن در هکتار) به عنوان فاکتور اول و محلول‌پاشی (آب مقطر به عنوان شاهد، چای‌کمپوست و اسید‌هیومیک) به عنوان فاکتور دوم بود. نتایج نشان داد کاربرد ورمی‌کمپوست تأثیر معنی‌داری بر سطح برگ، وزن خشک اندام هوایی، تعداد سنبله، شاخص برداشت، عملکرد موسیلاژ و عملکرد دانه داشت. به¬طوری¬که بیشترین عملکرد دانه (9/45 گرم در متر¬مربع) از تیمار 16 تن در هکتار ورمی‌کمپوست به¬دست آمد که اختلاف معنی‌داری با تیمار 8 و 12 تن در هکتار ورمی‌کمپوست نداشت و کمترین آن از شاهد (7/23 گرم در متر-مربع) به¬دست آمد. همچنین محلول‌پاشی چای‌کمپوست عدد اسپد، سطح برگ، وزن خشک اندام هوایی، تعداد سنبله، تعداد دانه و عملکرد موسیلاژ را به طور معنی‌داری افزایش داد و بیشترین عملکرد دانه (6/44 گرم در متر¬مربع) نیز از محلول‌پاشی چای‌کمپوست به¬دست آمد. در مجموع از لحاظ اقتصادی، کاربرد کود زیستی ورمی‌کمپوست به میزان هشت تن در هکتار و محلول‌پاشی چای‌کمپوست برای افزایش عملکرد دانه و اجزای آن در گیاه اسفرزه مناسب به¬نظر می¬رسد.

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ارجاع به مقاله
رحیمیا., & ‍‍ پورمحمدیع. ا. (2017). تأثیر کاربرد ورمی‌کمپوست و محلول‌پاشی برگی بر عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد گیاه دارویی اسفرزه (Plantago ovata L.). بوم شناسی کشاورزی, 9(3), 834-847. https://doi.org/10.22067/jag.v9i3.55282
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی