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رضا طباطبایی رضا توکل افشاری محمد تقی ناصری علیرضا کوچکی نادر تنیده

چکیده

مدیریت عناصر خاک با استفاده از کود¬های آلی و روش خاک‌ورزی از ارکان کشاورزی پایدار محسوب می¬شود. به منظور بررسی اثر روش خاک‌ورزی و کوددهی بر خصوصیات کمی و کیفی گیاه همیشه بهار (Calendula officinalis L.)، پژوهشی مزرعه¬ای در شهرستان شیراز، منطقه کاوه و در دو سال زراعی 1392 و 1393 در قالب طرح بلوک¬های کامل تصادفی با چهار تکرار طراحی و اجرا گردید. تیمار¬ها شامل سه روش خاک‌ورزی (بدون خاک‌ورزی، کم خاک‌ورزی و خاک‌ورزی رایج) و چهار نوع منبع تأمین کننده نیتروژن (کود گاوی، ورمی‌کمپوست، کمپوست شهری و کود اوره) بودند که در قالب 12 تیمار در مزرعه اعمال شدند. نتایج نشان داد که اثر تیمار سامانه¬های متفاوت کشت بر وزن خشک و سطح برگ همیشه بهار در سطح یک درصد معنی¬دار بود. بیشترین وزن خشک بوته و سطح برگ در تیمار سامانه خاک‌ورزی رایج و کاربرد 165 کیلوگرم در هکتار کود اوره به دست آمد. در حالی¬که بیشترین وزن خشک گل و گلبرگ، تعداد گل، شاخص برداشت گل و عصاره گیاه دارویی همیشه بهار در تیمار سامانه کم خاک‌ورزی و کاربرد 80 کیلوگرم در هکتار کود اوره با 10 تن در هکتار کمپوست شهری به دست آمد. با توجه به نتایج مقایسات گروهی روش¬های خاک‌ورزی، روش¬های کم خاک‌ورزی در مقایسه با سایر روش¬های خاک‌ورزی باعث بهبود ویژگی¬های کمی و کیفی گیاه همیشه بهار شد. به طور کلی، می¬توان نتیجه¬گیری کرد که برای افزایش و بهبود خصوصیات کمی و کیفی گیاه همیشه بهار کاربرد توأم 80 کیلوگرم در هکتار کود شیمیایی اوره همراه با 10 تن در هکتار کمپوست شهری در قالب سامانه کم خاک‌ورزی قابل توصیه است.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
طباطباییر., توکل افشاریر., ناصریم. ت., کوچکیع., & تنیدهن. (2016). اثر روش خاک‌ورزی و کوددهی بر خصوصیات کمی و کیفی گیاه دارویی همیشه بهار (Calendula officinalis L.). بوم شناسی کشاورزی, 9(1), 185-197. https://doi.org/10.22067/jag.v9i1.53348
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی