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شهرام امیرمرادی پرویز رضوانی مقدم علیرضا کوچکی شهناز دانش امیر فتوت

چکیده

یکی از پیامد¬های صنعتی شدن، آلودگی محیط ¬زیست و یکی از مهمترین آلاینده¬های محیط زیست فلزات سنگین هستند که می¬توانند باعث آلودگی خاک، آب و هوا شوند. دراین تحقیق غلظت¬های کادمیم (صفر، 10،20،40،60،80،100 پی‌پی‌ام) و سرب (100،300،600،900،1200و 1500 پی‌پی‌ام) بر روی گیاه نعناع فلفلی (Mentha piperita L.) در شرایط گلخانه¬ای در قالب طرح بلوک¬های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار مورد مطالعه قرار گرفت. ریزوم¬های نعناع فلفلی از مزرعه جمع¬آوری و در گلدان کشت شدند و توسط محلول¬های کلرید کادمیم و سرب استفاده شد. گیاهان در اوایل گلدهی در دو چین برداشت و از نظر خصوصیات کمی و کیفی مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند. درچین اول در غلظت 100 پی‌پی‌ام کادمیم، وزن تر، وزن خشک، سطح برگ، ارتفاع گیاه و درصد اسانس برگ به ترتیب 16/18، 88/25، 79/22، 91/17و 08/7 درصد و در چین دوم این صفات به ترتیب 24/15 ،92/22، 88/20، 92/22 و 08/7 درصد نسبت به شاهد کاهش یافت. همچنین در چین اول، در غلظت 1500 پی‌پی‌ام سرب، وزن تر، وزن خشک، سطح برگ، ارتفاع گیاه و درصد اسانس برگ به ترتیب، 55/24، 01/39، 58/21، 55/28 و 05/15 درصد و در چین دوم این صفات به ترتیب94/28، 31/17، 72/24، 77/26 و37/13درصد نسبت به شاهد کاهش نشان داد. به نظرمی¬رسد که نعناع فلفلی در شرایط آب¬های آلوده به کادمیم و یا در خاک¬های آلوده به این عناصر سنگین در غلظت¬های متوسط می¬تواند مورد کشت قرار گیرد و اثر این عناصر سنگین اثر معنی‌داری بر تولید ماده خشک و درصد اسانس نداشت.

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ارجاع به مقاله
امیرمرادیش., رضوانی مقدمپ., کوچکیع., دانشش., & فتوتا. (2015). اثر کادمیم و سرب بر خصوصیات کمی و درصد اسانس نعناع فلفلی (Mentha piperita L.). بوم شناسی کشاورزی, 9(1), 142-157. https://doi.org/10.22067/jag.v9i1.51330
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی