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نادر مدافع بهزادی پرویز رضوانی مقدم محسن جهان

چکیده

به‌منظور مطالعه ویژگی‌های مورفولوژیکی و عملكرد اندام هوايي گياه دارويي وسمه (Indigofera tinctoria L.) در واكنش به تاریخ­های مختلف کاشت و تراکم بوته، آزمايشی به صورت اسپلیت پلات بر پایه طرح بلوك­هاي كامل تصادفي با سه تكرار در منطقه بم در سال زراعي 92-1391 اجرا شد. چهار تاريخ كاشت (15 فروردين، 30 فروردین، 14 اردیبهشت و 29 اردیبهشت ماه) به‌عنوان فاکتور اصلی و چهار تراکم کاشت (15، 25، 35 و 45 بوته در متر مربع) به‌عنوان فاکتور فرعی در نظر گرفته شدند. صفات مورد مطالعه شامل ارتفاع بوته، قطر كانوپي، تعداد شاخه جانبي، وزن خشك برگ، وزن خشك ساقه و وزن خشک کل اندام هوایی وسمه در دو چین بودند. نتايج نشان داد كه تاریخ کاشت و تراکم بوته تأثیر معنی­داري (01/0p≤) بر روي صفات مورد اندازه­گيري در هر دو چين داشتند. بیشترین تولید برای تاریخ کاشت اوايل فروردين مشاهده شد، بطوری­که بالاترین وزن خشک برگ و ساقه در چين اول و دوم به ترتيب برای تاریخ کاشت 15 فروردين با 79/464، 54/463 و 75/399، 04/404 گرم در متر مربع بدست آمد. با تأخیر در کاشت از اوايل فروردين به اواخر ارديبهشت، وزن خشک کل اندام هوایی در چين اول 76/32 درصد و در چين دوم 58/78 درصد کاهش یافت. به طور کلی، تاریخ کاشت زود هنگام برای وسمه به دلیل طولانی­تر بودن دوره رشد، بالا بودن رطوبت نسبی محیط و خنکی هوا بر کشت ديرهنگام ارجحیت دارد. همچنين تراکم 45 بوته در متر مربع به‌عنوان تراکم مطلوب انتخاب گرديد.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

قطر بوته, وزن خشك برگ, وزن خشک ساقه, وزن خشک کل اندام هوایی

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ارجاع به مقاله
مدافع بهزادی ن., رضوانی مقدم پ., & جهان م. (2019). تأثير تاريخ كاشت و تراکم بوته بر خصوصيات مورفولوژیکی و عملكرد گياه دارويي وسمه (Indigofera tinctoria L.). بوم شناسی کشاورزی, 10(4), 1067-1079. https://doi.org/10.22067/jag.v10i4.48405
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی

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