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حمیدرضا فنایی اقدس ازمل عیسی پیری

چکیده

جهت بررسی تأثیر کودهای بیولوژیک و شیمایی بر عملکرد دانه، روغن و برخی صفات زراعی گلرنگ (Carthamus tinctorius L.) تحت رژیم‌های مختلف آبیاری آزمایشی به صورت کرت‌های خرد شده بر پایه طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشگاه پیام نور زابل در سال زراعی 92-1391 اجرا شد. رژیم آبیاری در سه سطح شامل: I1: آبیاری در تمام مراحل رشد ( شاهد) I2: قطع آبیاری از زمان کاشت تا گلدهی و آبیاری در مراحل گلدهی و پرشدن دانه I3: آبیاری در مراحل روزت، ساقه رفتن، طبق دهی و قطع آبیاری در مراحل گلدهی و پرشدن دانه؛ به عنوان کرت‌های اصلی و منابع کودی شامل، F1: عدم مصرف کود شیمیایی (شاهد) F2: مصرف خالص کود شیمیایی (نیتروژن، فسفر و پتاسیم) به ترتیب 99، 44 و 123 کیلوگرم در هکتار F3: مصرف نیتروکسین (دو لیتر در هکتار) F4: مصرف ازتوباکتر (دو لیتر در هکتار) F5: مصرف نیتروکارا (100 گرم در هکتار) به عنوان کرت‌های فرعی بودند. نتایج نشان داد، عملکرد دانه در شرایط عدم تنش با میانگین 1539 کیلوگرم در هکتار نسبت به شرایط قطع آب در فاز رویشی (روزت، ساقه رفتن و طبق دهی) و قطع آبیاری در فاز زایشی (گلدهی و پرشدن) به ترتیب 27 و 45 درصد افزایش داشت. اگر چه در بین کود‌های بیولوژیک از نظر عملکرد دانه اختلاف معنی‌دار وجود نداشت اما کود بیولوژیک نیتروکارا نسبت به تیمار شاهد (عدم مصرف کود) 19 درصد افزایش نشان داد. با افزایش اثر شدت تنش میزان محتوی نسبی آب برگ نسبت به شاهد کاهش یافت به طوری که کمترین محتوی نسبی آب برگ در تیمار قطع آب در فاز رویشی مشاهده شد، اما با مصرف کود‌های بیولوژیک روند تغییرات محتوی نسبی آب برگ افزایشی بود. اثر متقابل تنش خشکی و کود بیولوژیک بر عملکرد دانه معنی‌دار بود. به طور کلی، نتایج این پژوهش نشان داد که آبیاری در همه مراحل رشد به ویژه مراحل حساس به خشکی (گلدهی و پرشدن دانه) و استفاده از کودهای بیولوژیکی سازگار مانند نیتروکارا و نیتروکسین، تأثیر مثبت در بهبود عملکرد کمی و کیفی گلرنگ داشت.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
فنایی ح., ازمل ا., & پیری ع. (2016). تأثیر کودهای بیولوژیک و شیمیایی بر عملکرد دانه، روغن و برخی صفات زراعی گلرنگ (Carthamus tinctorius L.) تحت رژیم‌های مختلف آبیاری. بوم شناسی کشاورزی, 8(4), 551-566. https://doi.org/10.22067/jag.v8i4.46602
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی