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سارا باختری غلامرضا خواجویی نژاد قاسم محمدی نژاد

چکیده

به منظور بررسی تأثیر قطع آبیاری در مرحله گلدهی و محلول‌پاشی با اسپرمیدین بر درصد، عملکرد و میزان ترکیبات اسانس توده‏های مختلف زیره¬سبز (Cuminum cyminum L.) آزمایشی به صورت طرح کرت‌های دوبار خرد شده بر پایه طرح بلوک¬های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان در سال زراعی 93-1392 اجرا شد. تیمارهای آزمایشی شامل آبیاری در دو سطح (1- آبیاری کامل و 2- قطع آبیاری در شروع مرحله گلدهی) به عنوان فاکتور اصلی، محلول‌پاشی اسپرمیدین در سه سطح (صفر، یک و دو میلی¬مولار) به عنوان فاکتور فرعی و اکوتیپ زیره در سه سطح (1- کرمان، 2- خراسان و 3- اصفهان) به عنوان فاکتور فرعی فرعی بود. در این پژوهش، درصد، عملکرد و ترکیبات موجود در اسانس زیره‌سبز مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که درصد و عملکرد اسانس به طور معنی‌داری تحت تأثیر تیمارهای آبیاری و توده‌های مختلف زیره‌سبز قرار گرفت ولی محلول‌پاشی اسپرمیدین تأثیر معنی‌داری بر این صفات نداشت. تیمار قطع آبیاری باعث افزایش درصد و کاهش عملکرد اسانس نسبت به شرایط آبیاری کامل شد. نتایج حاکی از تأثیرپذیری بیشتر عملکرد اسانس از عملکرد دانه نسبت به درصد اسانس بود. هر دو صفت درصد و عملکرد اسانس در توده‌های کرمان و خراسان به طور معنی‌داری بیشتر از توده اصفهان بود. بیشترین میزان اسانس (92/14 کیلوگرم در هکتار) در تیمار محلول‌پاشی یک میلی¬مولار و برای توده خراسان حاصل شد و کمترین میزان این صفت (87/6 کیلوگرم در هکتار) در تیمار عدم محلول‌پاشی برای توده اصفهان به دست آمد. ترکیبات β-Pinene، p-Cymene، γ-Terpinene، Cuminaldehyde، p-Mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol و ɣ-Terpinene-7-al بخش اصلی اجزاء اسانس را در توده‌های مختلف زیره‌سبز شامل شدند. در دو توده کرمان (30/29 درصد) و خراسان (70/32 درصد) ترکیب Cuminaldehyde و در توده اصفهان ترکیب ɣ-Terpinene-7-al (40/23 درصد) بیشترین درصد را در بین کل اجزاء اسانس به خود اختصاص دادند. به طور کلی، دو توده کرمان و خراسان از نظر ترکیبات اسانس شباهت بیشتری نشان دادند.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
باختریس., خواجویی نژادغ., & محمدی نژادق. (2015). تأثیر قطع آبیاری در مرحله گلدهی و محلول‌پاشی اسپرمیدین بر کمیت و کیفیت اسانس سه توده‏ زیره سبز (Cuminum cyminum L.). بوم شناسی کشاورزی, 8(4), 521-535. https://doi.org/10.22067/jag.v8i4.40538
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی