محبوبه آشناور محمدعلی بهمنیار وحید اکبرپور


به منظور بررسی واکنش گیاه دارویی سرخارگل (Echinacea purpurea L.) به کاربرد کود شیمیایی و مصرف توأم آن با کمپوست زباله شهری (کمپوست)، آزمایشی در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی به صورت گلدانی با شش تیمار شامل: شاهد (بدون مصرف کودهای شیمیایی و کمپوست)، کود شیمیایی (150 کیلوگرم نیتروژن، 120 کیلوگرم انیدرید فسفریک و 250 کیلوگرم اکسید پتاسیم در هکتار به ترتیب از منبع اوره، سوپر فسفات تریپل و سولفات پتاسیم)، سی تن کمپوست در هکتار، پانزده تن کمپوست در هکتار + 4 1 کود شیمیایی تیمار 2، پانزده تن کمپوست در هکتار + 4 2 کود شیمیایی تیمار 2، پانزده تن کمپوست در هکتار + 4 3 کود شیمیایی تیمار 2 در هکتار با سه تکرار در دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری در سال 1391 اجرا گردید. نتایج نشان داد که شاخص های رشد و عملکردی نظیر تعداد گل در بوته، تعداد ساقه فرعی، تعداد گلبرگ، قطر گل اصلی، قطر نهنج، قطر ساقه اصلی، وزن تر و خشک گل و غلظت کلروفیل a و b در مرحله گلدهی کامل تحت تأثیر کاربرد کود شیمیایی و کمپوست قرار گرفت. تیمار تلفیق 15 تن کمپوست و 4 1 تیمار کود شیمیایی موجب افزایش 30 درصدی قطر نهنج و قطر ساقه اصلی، افزایش 50 درصدی تعداد گلبرگ گردید. همچنین کاربرد 15 تن کمپوست به همراه 4 1 کود شیمیایی، غلظت کلروفیل a و کلروفیل b، تعداد گل در بوته و وزن تر و خشک گل را در حدود 80 درصد افزایش داد.

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ارجاع به مقاله
آشناور م., بهمنیار م., & اکبرپور و. (2014). بررسی تأثیر منابع مختلف کودی بر شاخص های رشد و عملکرد گیاه دارویی سرخارگل (Echinacea purpurea L.). بوم شناسی کشاورزی, 6(2), 266-274. https://doi.org/10.22067/jag.v6i2.39510
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی

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