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رقیه محمدپوروشوایی احمد قنبری براتعلی فاخری

چکیده

چای ترش (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) گیاهی دارویی نیمه¬گرمسیری از خانواده ختمی است که از کاسبرگ آن به دلیل خواص دارویی و خوراکی استفاده می¬شود. به منظور ارزیابی اثر کودهای زیستی در تلفیق با مقادیر مختلف کودهای شیمیایی بر ویژگی¬های رشد، عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد کاسبرگ¬های چای ترش، آزمایشی در قالب طرح بلوک¬های کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشگاه زابل در سال¬های زراعی 91-1390 و 92-1391 اجرا شد. تیمار¬ها شامل تغذیه گیاه با NPK (به ترتیب220، 130 و 75 کیلوگرم در هکتار اوره، سوپرفسفات تریپل و سولفات پتاسیم)، کود زیستی بیوفسفات، بیوفسفات+25 درصد NPK، بیوفسفات+50 درصد NPK، بیوفسفات+100 درصد NPK، کود زیستی نیتروکسین، نیتروکسین+25 درصد NPK، نیتروکسین+50 درصد NPK، نیتروکسین+100 درصد NPK، بیوفسفات+ نیتروکسین، بیوفسفات+ نیتروکسین+25 درصد NPK، بیوفسفات+ نیتروکسین+50 درصد NPK، بیوفسفات+ نیتروکسین+100 درصد NPK و شاهد (عدم استفاده از کود) بود. ویژ¬گی¬های ارتفاع بوته، تعداد شاخه، وزن تر رویشی، وزن خشک رویشی، وزن تر ریشه، وزن خشک ریشه، تعداد کاسه گل، وزن خشک و عملکرد کاسبرگ¬ها مورد اندازه¬گیری قرار گرفتند. نتایج حاصل از تجزیه مرکب حاکی از آن بود که اثر تیمارهای کودی بر کلیه صفات مورد بررسی معنی¬دار (01/0P) بود. تعداد کاسه گل، مهم¬ترین جزء تعیین¬کننده عملکرد کاسبرگ¬ها بود. بیشترین مقادیر ارتفاع بوته (00/126 سانتی¬متر)، ، وزن تر و خشک رویشی (به ترتیب 89/2592 و 72/667 گرم در متر مربع)، وزن تر و خشک ریشه (به ترتیب 61/203 و 22/59 گرم در متر مربع)، وزن خشک و عملکرد کاسبرگ¬ها (به ترتیب 61/232 و 03/210 گرم در متر مربع) و تعداد شاخه و کاسه گل (به ترتیب با 28/211 و 22/226 عدد در مترمربع) در تیمار نیتروکسین+ بیوفسفات+100 درصد NPK حاصل شد که اختلاف آن با تیمار نیتروکسین+ بیوفسفات+50 درصد NPK به ترتیب با مقادیر 59/119 سانتی¬متر، 17/2557، 11/635، 78/199، 42/58، 44/221 و 82/205 گرم در مترمربع و 56/194 و 67/201 عدد در مترمربع معنی¬دار نبود. بنابراین با توجه به ضرورت تولید گیاهان دارویی در نظام¬های زراعی و لزوم توجه به کاشت این گیاهان در نظام¬های کم¬نهاده، استفاده از 50 درصد مقدار توصیه شده کودهای شیمیایی NPK به همراه کودهای زیستی تثبیت کننده نیتروژن و فسفر جهت بهبود رشد گیاهان و افزایش عملکرد کاسبرگ¬های چای ترش توصیه می گردد.

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ارجاع به مقاله
محمدپوروشواییر., قنبریا., & فاخریب. (2016). اثر کودهای زیستی در تلفیق با مقادیر مختلف کودهای شیمیایی بر ویژگی¬های رشد و عملکرد کاسبرگ¬های چای ترش (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.). بوم شناسی کشاورزی, 9(2), 276-295. https://doi.org/10.22067/jag.v9i2.37186
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی