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رقیه محمدپوروشوایی محمود رمرودی براتعلی فاخری

چکیده

خار مریم یا ماریتیغال (Silybum marianum L.) گیاهی دارویی، علفی و یک‌ساله است که برای درمان بیماری¬های کبدی استفاده می¬شود. به منظور بررسی اثر تنش خشکی و کودهای زیستی بر خصوصیات کمی و کیفی ماریتیغال‌، آزمایشی به صورت کرت¬های خرد شده در قالب طرح بلوک-های کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشگاه زابل در سال زراعی 92-1391 اجرا شد. کرت¬های اصلی شامل آبیاری با 50، 70 و 90 درصد ظرفیت زراعی و کرت¬های فرعی شامل تغذیه گیاه با کودهای زیستی نیتروکسین، سوپرنیتروپلاس، فسفات بارور 2، میکوریزا به صورت بذر مال و عدم مصرف کود بود. صفات مورد مطالعه شامل عملکرد دانه، تعداد کاپیتول در بوته، تعداد دانه در کاپیتول، وزن هزار دانه، درصد اسانس، درصد ماده آلی گیاه، درصد پرولین و درصد پروتئین دانه بودند. نتایج نشان داد که اثر تنش خشکی، کود زیستی و برهمکنش آن‌ها بر کلیه صفات مورد بررسی در سطح احتمال یک درصد معنی¬دار شد. بیشترین عملکرد دانه (00/1300 گیلوگرم)، تعداد کاپیتول در بوته (00/12 عدد)، وزن هزار دانه (27/23 گرم)، درصد ماده آلی گیاه (00/95 درصد) و درصد پروتئین دانه (19/17 درصد) در تیمار 90 درصد آبیاری و کود زیستی نیتروکسین حاصل شد. حداکثر تعداد دانه در کاپیتول با 67/87 عدد به تیمار 90 درصد آبیاری و کود زیستی میکوریزا تعلق داشت. تیمار¬های 70 و 90 درصد آبیاری و کود زیستی نیتروکسین به ترتیب حداکثر و حداقل صفات درصد اسانس (72/3 درصد) و درصد پرولین (04/0 درصد) را تبیین نمودند. تعداد کاپیتول در بوته مهم¬ترین جزء تعیین¬کننده عملکرد بود. کود زیستی نیتروکسین نسبت به سایر کودها توانست تنش خشکی را بیشتر تعدیل نماید و موجب بهبود ویژگی¬های کمی و کیفی گیاه ماریتیغال شود. بنابراین، به نظر می¬رسد که در راستای نیل به اهداف کشاورزی پایدار به جای کودهای شیمیایی قابل توصیه ¬باشد.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
محمدپوروشواییر., رمرودیم., & فاخریب. (2016). اثر تنش خشکی و تلقیح کودهای زیستی بر ویژگی¬های کمی و کیفی ماریتیغال (Silybum marianum L.). بوم شناسی کشاورزی, 9(1), 31-49. https://doi.org/10.22067/jag.v9i1.32650
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی