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عبداله ملافیلابی علیرضا کوچکی پرویز رضوانی مقدم مهدی نصیری محلاتی

چکیده

به منظور بررسی اثر تراکم بنه و نوع بستر کاشت بر خصوصیات زایشی، اجزای عملکرد گل و کلاله زعفران (Crocus sativus L.)، آزمایشی در قالب طرح بلوک¬های کامل تصادفی به¬صورت فاکتوریل با سه تکرار در پارک علم و فناوری خراسان رضوی در سال زراعی90-1389 انجام شد. تیمارهای آزمایش شامل تراکم بنه در سه سطح 50، 100 و 150 بنه در متر‌مربع و پنج بستر کاشت شامل 10 تن کمپوست زباله شهری در هکتار، 30 تن کود گاوی پوسیده در هکتار، 20 تن ضایعات بستر قارچ در هکتار، 10 تن خاکپوش کلش گندم (Triticum astivum L.) در هکتار و شاهد بودندکه همزمان با کاشت بنه زعفران اعمال گردید. صفات مورد مطالعه شامل تعداد گل، وزن گل تر و خشک، وزن کلاله تر و خشک، وزن خامه تر و خشک زعفران بودند. نتایج نشان داد که سطوح تراکم بنه و بسترهای مختلف کاشت اثر معنی¬داری بر عملکرد خامه و کلاله خشک زعفران داشت (01/0p≤). افزایش تعداد بنه از 50 به150 بنه در متر‌مربع، وزن تر گل زعفران را 177 و وزن خشک کلاله را 155 درصد (حدود 5/2 برابر) بهبود بخشید. بیشترین وزن تر و خشک کلاله+خامه در تیمار کاربرد خاکپوش کلش گندم به ترتیب به میزان 43/14 و 59/2 کیلوگرم در هکتار و کمترین آن در شاهد به ترتیب برابر با 31/4 و 81/0 کیلوگرم در هکتار به¬دست آمد. اثر متقابل بین تراکم بنه و نوع بستر کاشت در هیچ¬یک از صفات مورد مطالعه معنی¬دار نبود. با توجه به نتایج چنین به نظر می¬رسد که به منظور بهبود تولید گل و کلاله زعفران در سال اول، تراکم 150 بنه در متر‌مربع و بستر کشت خاکپوش کلش گندم را می¬توان توصیه نمود.

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ارجاع به مقاله
ملافیلابیع., کوچکیع., رضوانی مقدمپ., & نصیری محلاتیم. (2017). اثر تراکم بنه و نوع بستر کاشت بر اجزای عملکرد گل و کلاله زعفران (Crocus sativus L.). بوم شناسی کشاورزی, 9(2), 326-341. https://doi.org/10.22067/jag.v9i2.26540
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی