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فریما دعایی پرویز رضوانی مقدم رضا قربانی احمد بالندری

چکیده

به¬منظور بررسی تأثیر کاربرد کودهای آلی و بیولوژیک بر عملکرد رویشی و میزان پلی فنول¬های برگ کاسنی پاکوتاه، آزمایشی به¬صورت فاکتوریل و در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با چهار تکرار در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد در سال زراعی 91-190، انجام گرفت .در این آزمایش فاکتورکودهای آلی و شیمیایی در چهار سطح (چهار تن در هکتار کمپوست زباله شهری، چهار تن در هکتار ورمی کمپوست،130 کیلوگرم در هکتار کود اوره و عدم مصرف کود (شاهد)) و فاکتورکود زیستی در دو سطح (کود زیستی بیوسولفور به همراه 100 کیلوگرم در هکتار کود گوگرد خالص و عدم مصرف آن (شاهد)) استفاده شد. نتایج حاکی از وجود تأثیر تیمارهای آزمایش بر وزن تر و خشک زیست¬توده در چین اول و دوم و مجموع وزن خشک زیست¬توده در هر دو چین بود. بیشترین عملکرد وزن تر زیست¬توده در هر دو چین از تیمار تلفیقی کود شیمیایی و کود زیستی بیوسولفور حاصل شد. نتایج در چین اول و دوم و مجموع دو چین نشان داد که بیشترین عملکرد خشک زیست¬توده از تیمار کمپوست حاصل شد. همچنین اثرات ساده و متقابل فاکتورهای مورد مطالعه، بر میزان پلی فنول¬های موجود در برگ گیاه کاسنی پاکوتاه (Cichorium pomilum Jacq.) در هر دو چین معنی‌دار بود. بیشترین میزان پلی فنول¬های برگ در تیمار ورمی¬کمپوست و کمترین میزان در تیمار تلفیقی کود شیمیایی و کود زیستی بیوسولفور در هر دو چین حاصل شد. به¬طور کلی نتایج نشان داد در بین منابع کودی مختلف، کود آلی کمپوست هم در عملکرد رویشی و هم در مقدار پلی‌فنول گیاه اثر مثبتی داشت.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
دعاییف., رضوانی مقدمپ., قربانیر., & بالندریا. (2017). تأثیر کاربرد کودهای آلی و بیولوژیک بر عملکرد زیست¬توده و مقدار پلی فنول¬های برگ گیاه کاسنی پاکوتاه (Cichorium pomilum Jacq.). بوم شناسی کشاورزی, 9(4), 910-921. https://doi.org/10.22067/jag.v9i4.22651
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی