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افسانه یوسفی رضا میرزایی تالارپشتی جعفر نباتی سعید صوفی¬زاده

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی اثر باکتری‌های حل‌کننده فسفر، پتاسیم و تثبیت‌کننده آزادزی نیتروژن بر شاخص‌های رشدی ماش (Vigna radiata L.)، آزمایشی در سال زراعی 1396 در مزرعه پژوهشی دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد به‌صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی، با دو توده ماش (دزفولی و هندی)، شش تیمار کودی شامل: 1- باکتری‌های آزادزی تثبیت‌کننده نیتروژن، 2- باکتری‌های حل‌کننده فسفر، 3- باکتری‌های حل‌کننده پتاسیم، 4- باکتری‌های آزادزی تثبیت‌کننده نیتروژن + باکتری‌های حل‌کننده پتاسیم و فسفر، 5- کود شیمیایی نیتروژن و 6- شاهد (بدون کود زیستی و شیمیایی) در سه تکرار اجرا شد. مقدار واحد کلونی ریز‌موجود در هر گرم کود زیستی 107 واحد بود. صفات مورد مطالعه شامل شاخص سطح برگ، ماده خشک تجمعی، سرعت رشد محصول، سرعت آسیمیلاسیون خالص، سرعت رشد نسبی و عملکرد دانه بود. نتایج نشان داد که بیش‌ترین شاخص سطح برگ (80/3)، تجمع ماده خشک (835 گرم بر مترمربع) و عملکرد دانه (1558 کیلوگرم در هکتار) ماش در توده هندی به‌دست آمد و توده دزفولی بیش‌ترین سرعت رشد محصول (25 گرم در مترمربع در روز)، سرعت رشد نسبی (056/0 گرم در مترمربع در روز) و سرعت آسیمیلاسیون خالص (95/18 گرم دی‌اکسید‌کربن در مترمربع در روز) را نشان داد. کم‌ترین شاخص‌های رشد در شاهد در هر دو توده دزفولی و هندی به‌دست آمد. بر این اساس می‌توان چنین نتیجه گرفت که کاربرد هم‌زمان کودهای زیستی در بهبود شرایط رشدی گیاه اثر قابل توجهی داشته است و از ﻃﺮﯾﻖ اﻓﺰاﯾﺶ رﺷﺪ و ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ رﯾﺸﻪ و در نتیجه ﺟﺬب ﺑﻬﺘﺮ آب و ﻣﻮاد ﻏﺬاﯾﯽ از ﺧﺎك توانسته است، ﺳﺒﺐ اﻓﺰاﯾﺶ ﻋﻤﻠﮑﺮد و ﺑﻬﺒﻮد ﺻﻔﺎت ﮐﻤّﯽ ﮔﯿﺎه ﮔﺮدد.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

سرعت آسیمیلاسیون خالص, سرعت رشد محصول, شاخص سطح برگ, کودهای زیستی

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ارجاع به مقاله
یوسفیا., میرزایی تالارپشتیر., نباتیج., & صوفی¬زادهس. (2019). بررسی اثر باکتری‌های آزادزی تثبیت‌کننده نیتروژن و حل‌کننده فسفر و پتاسیم بر شاخص‌های رشدی دو توده ماش (Vigna radiata L.). بوم شناسی کشاورزی, 11(4), 1423-1436. https://doi.org/10.22067/jag.v11i4.77747
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی