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ستاره فروغیان محمود رمرودی محمد رضا اصغری پور احمد قنبری براتعلی فاخری

چکیده

اين مطالعه به­منظور بررسی شاخص­هاي فیزيولوژيکی (شامل شاخص سطح برگ (LAI)، سرعت رشد غده (TGR)، سرعت رشد محصول (CGR) مؤثر بر عملکرد دو رقم سیب‌زمینی (آگريا و فونتانه) در مراحل مختلف رشد گیاه از سبز شدن تا رسیدگی و هم‌چنین عملکرد غده در دو شرايط متفاوت آب‌و‌هوايي در مزارعي در دو منطقه فریمان و جلگه رخ طی سال زراعي 95-1394 به اجرا در آمد. نتایج نشان داد که بیش‌ترین شاخص سطح برگ به رقم فونتانه با 02/5 اختصاص یافت، بیش‌ترین شاخص سطح برگ در جلگه رخ به مزرعه خزاعی (64/4) و در فریمان به مزرعه مهدوی (14/4) اختصاص داشت. بیش‌ترين و کم‌ترين CGR در 90 روز پس از سبز شدن به‌ترتيب در رقم فونتانه و آگریا با 17/11و 6/9 گرم بر مترمربع در روز مشاهده شد. رقم فونتانه با عملکرد غده 79/439 گرم در مترمربع عملکرد 40 درصدی بالاتری نسبت به رقم آگریا داشت. مزرعه خزاعی با 67/376 گرم در مترمربع بیش‌ترین و مزرعه شریعتی با 16/232 گرم در مترمربع کم‌ترین عملکرد غده را داشتند. به بیان دیگر، مزرعه خزاعی از مزرعه رازقی 5 درصد و از مزرعه مهدوی 39 درصد عملکرد غده بالاتری داشت. حداکثر سرعت رشد غده در مزرعه خزاعی با 87/10 گرم در مترمربع در روز نسبت به مزارع رازقی، مهدوی و شریعتی به­ترتیب 29، 69 و 75 درصد بالاتر بود. به‌طور كلي با توجه به نتايج اين آزمايش رقم فونتانه در جلگه رخ و در مزرعه خزاعي بهترين عملكرد را دارا بود.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

سرعت رشد غده, سرعت رشد محصول, شاخص سطح برگ, عملكرد غده

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ارجاع به مقاله
فروغیانس., رمرودیم., اصغری پورم. ر., قنبریا., & فاخریب. (2018). ارزیابی شاخص¬هاي رشدي ارقام سیب¬زمینی (Solanum tuberosum L.) در دو منطقه فریمان و جلگه رخ. بوم شناسی کشاورزی, 11(3), 827-844. https://doi.org/10.22067/jag.v11i3.71190
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی