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اردشیر طاهری نژاد محمداقبال قبادی سعید جلالی هنرمند حسن حیدری

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی اثر ازتوباکتر بر خصوصیات کمّی و کیفی گیاه جو (Hordeum vulgar L.) و هم‌چنین میزان مصرف بهینه آن و جایگزینی با مقادیر نیتروژن صنعتی و تأثیر آن بر میزان انتقال مجدد مواد، آزمایشی بر روی جو آبی رقم بهمن به‌صورت مزرعه‌ای در شهرستان سنقر (استان کرمانشاه) در سال زراعی 94-1393 اجرا گردید. آزمایش از نوع فاكتوريل بر پایه طرح بلوک­های كامل تصادفي با سه تكرار بود. فاکتورها شامل سطوح کود زیستی ازتوباکتر کروکوکوم (0، 100 و 200 گرم در هکتار) و سطوح کود نیتروژن از منبع اوره (0، 50، 100، 150 و 200 کیلوگرم در هکتار) بودند. نتایج نشان داد، برهم‌کنش ازتوباکتر و نیتروژن بر تمامی صفات مورد بررسی معنی‌دار بود. بیش‌ترین میزان انتقال مجدد مواد از ساقه به دانه از پدانکل و پنالتیمیت در استفاده توأم کودهای نيتروژنه صنعتی 200 کیلوگرم در هکتار و کودهای بیولوژیک 100 گرم در هکتار ازتوباکتر به‌ترتیب مقدار110 و 90 میلی‌گرم و هم‌چنین بیش‌ترین مقدار انتقال مجدد از سنبله به دانه در تیمار کودهای نيتروژنه صنعتی 50 کیلوگرم در هکتار و کودهای بیولوژیک 200 گرم در هکتار ازتوباکتر به مقدار 41 میلی‌گرم مشاهده شد. هم‌چنین بیش‌ترین مقدار شاخص سطح برگ، وزن هکتولیتر، درصد پروتئین دانه (5/12 درصد)، عملکرد زیست‌توده، شاخص برداشت، تعداد سنبله در واحد سطح، تعداد دانه در سنبله، وزن هزاردانه و عملکرد دانه (871 گرم در مترمربع) در تیمار 200 گرم در هکتار ازتوباکتر و 200 کیلوگرم در هکتار نیتروژن به‌دست آمد. با افزایش میزان این نهاده‌ها، مقادیر صفات نیز افزایش نشان داد. با در نظر گرفتن هزینه این نهاده‌ها و مقادیر افزایش عملکرد دانه و پروتئین، مصرف 100 گرم در هکتار ازتوباکتر و 100 کیلوگرم در هکتار نیتروژن به‌ترتیب حدود 834 گرم در مترمربع و 26 درصد، بیش‌ترین بازده اقتصادی داشت و اختلاف معنی‌داری با مصرف حداکثر آن‌ها نداشت. در این آزمایش با افزایش ازتوباکتر بین 17 تا 42 درصد به عملکرد دانه اضافه شد.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

پدانکل, پروتئین دانه, دانه در سنبله, سطح برگ

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ارجاع به مقاله
طاهری نژادا., قبادیم., جلالی هنرمندس., & حیدریح. (2018). بررسی برهم‌کنش کاربرد ازتوباکتر و نیتروژن بر میزان انتقال مجدد مواد، عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد دانه جو (Hordeum vulgar L.). بوم شناسی کشاورزی, 11(3), 893-908. https://doi.org/10.22067/jag.v11i3.68804
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی