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کاظم خاوازی ولی فیضی اصل محمدحسین سدری علی اشرف طلیعی جعفر گوهرگاني محمد اسماعیلی رضا سليماني

چکیده

به­منظور ارزيابي اثر باکتري‌هاي محرک رشد گياه در افزایش عملكرد گندم (Triticum aestivum L.) ديم، آزمايشي در قالب طرح بلوک‌هاي کامل تصادفي با 15 باکتري محرک رشد با يك شاهد در چهار تكرار و در شش ايستگاه تحقیقات کشاورزی دیم مراغه، قاملو، سرارود، گچساران، خدابنده و شيروان چرداول در سال زراعی 89-1388 به‌اجرا در آمد. نتايج نشان داد، تلقیح باكتري‌هاي محرك رشد توانست عملکرد دانه گندم ديم را در هر شش ایستگاه افزايش دهد که اين افزايش در اغلب مکان‌هاي آزمايشي از لحاظ آماري معني‌دار بود. حداکثر افزايش عملکرد دانه در مراغه، کرمانشاه، کردستان، ايلام، زنجان و گچساران به­ترتيب به‌ميزان 6/19، 1/45، 4/12، 4/18، 2/10 و 6/11 درصد بود که متوسط اين افزايش براي مطلوب‌ترين باكتري‌هاي محرك رشد در مناطق مورد مطالعه 382 کيلوگرم در هکتار بود. با روش GGE باي‌پلات باكتري‌هاي محرك رشد به دو گروه داراي عملکرد بالا (تيمارهاي شماره 2، 3، 6، 8، 9 و 10) و پائين (تيمارهاي شماره 1، 4، 5، 7، 11، 12، 13، 14، 15 و 16) و مکان‌هاي مورد مطالعه به سه گروه (گروه اول کردستان و گچساران، گروه دوم مراغه، زنجان و ايلام و گروه سوم کرمانشاه) تفکيک شد. مناسب‌ترين تیمار براي گروه کردستان و گچساران شماره 9، براي مراغه، زنجان و ايلام شماره 2 و براي کرمانشاه شماره 5 بود، امّا چنانچه هدف معرفي تنها يک باكتري‌ محرك رشد براي کل مناطق باشد، مايه تلقيح شماره 9 مناسب‌ترین است. بنابراين استنباط می‌شود، از باکتری‌های محرک رشد مي‌توان در بهبود عملکرد گندم دیم در دیمزارهای ایران استفاده نمود.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

بهبود عملکرد, تلقیح بذر, GGE بای‌پلات

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ارجاع به مقاله
خاوازیک., فیضی اصلو., سدریم., طلیعیع. ا., گوهرگانيج., اسماعیلیم., & سليمانير. (2020). ارزیابی بهبود عملکرد گندم دیم (Triticum aestivum L.) با استفاده از مايه تلقيح باکتري‌هاي محرک رشد . بوم شناسی کشاورزی, 12(3), 447-467. https://doi.org/10.22067/jag.v12i3.68276
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی