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عبدالله جوانمرد مصطفی امانی ماچیانی حمدالله اسکندری

چکیده

به­منظور بررسی کمیت و کیفیت علوفه کشت مخلوط جو (Hordeum vulgare L.) با نخود‌فرنگی (Pisum sativum L.) در شرایط دیم، آزمایشی به‌صورت فاکتوریل بر پایه طرح بلوك‌هاي كامل تصادفي با سه تکرار در دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه مراغه در سال زراعی 1394 اجرا شد. تراکم­های 100، 150، 200، 250 و 300 بوته در متر‌مربع نخود‌فرنگی به‌عنوان فاکتور اول و الگوهاي كشت (کشت مخلوط 75 درصد جو+ 25 درصد نخود‌فرنگی، 50 درصد جو+ 50 درصد نخود‌فرنگی و 25 درصد جو+ 75 درصد نخود‌فرنگی) به‌عنوان فاکتور دوم در نظر گرفته شد. نتایج نشان داد که عملکرد کل علوفه تحت تأثیر معنی‌دار الگوی کشت و تراکم‌های مختلف نخود‌فرنگی قرار گرفت. بيشترين (2/289 گرم بر متر‌مربع) و کمترین (1/191 گرم بر متر‌مربع) عملکرد کل علوفه خشک به‌ترتیب در تیمارهای 75 درصد جو+ 25 درصد نخود‌فرنگی و 25 درصد جو+ 75 درصد نخود‌فرنگی بدست آمد. همچنین تراکم‌های 100 و 300 بوته در متر‌مربع نخود‌فرنگی بیشترین و کمترین تاثیرگذاری را بر روی عملکرد کل علوفه خشک داشتند. از لحاظ کیفیت علوفه، با افزایش نسبت جو خاکستر علوفه کاهش یافت؛ به‌طوری‌که در تیمار 75 درصد جو+ 25 درصد نخودفرنگی، میزان خاکستر علوفه نسبت به تیمارهای 75 درصد نخودفرنگی+ 25 درصد جو و 50 درصد جو+ 50 درصد نخودفرنگی به‌ترتیب 85/23 و 38/17 درصد کاهش یافت. علاوه بر این، با افزایش تراکم نخود‌فرنگی در کشت مخلوط، درصد پروتئین خام کل نیز افزایش یافت، به‌طوری‌که بیشترین درصد پروتئین خام کل به تیمارهای 75 درصد نخود‌فرنگی با تراکم 300 بوته در متر‌مربع+ 25 درصد جو تعلق داشت. همچنین با افزایش تراکم نخود‌فرنگی، میزان دیواره سلولی (NDF) و دیواره سلولی بدون همی‌سلولز (ADF) علوفه کاهش معنی‌داری پیدا کرد. بیشترین نسبت برابری زمین به‌ترتیب در الگوهای 25 درصد جو+ 75 درصد نخود‌فرنگی و 50 درصد جو+ 50 درصد نخود‌فرنگی در تراکم 100 بوته در متر‌مربع نخود‌فرنگی به‌دست آمد. به‌طور‌کلی، کشت مخلوط جو با نخود‌فرنگی در تراکم‌های پایین آن با تولید علوفه مناسب از لحاظ کمی و کیفی می‌تواند جایگزین مناسبی برای آیش در شرایط دیم کشور باشد.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

پروتئین خام, تراکم, دیواره سلولی, خاکستر, عملکرد

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ارجاع به مقاله
جوانمردع., امانی ماچیانیم., & اسکندریح. (2018). ارزیابی کمی و کیفی علوفه در کشت مخلوط جو (Hordeum vulgare L.) و نخود‌فرنگی (Pisum sativum L.) در شرایط دیم مراغه. بوم شناسی کشاورزی, 11(2), 435-452. https://doi.org/10.22067/jag.v11i2.65105
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی