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سید محمد سیدی پرویز رضوانی مقدم محمد خواجه حسینی حمید شاهنده

چکیده

به‌منظور تأثیر گوگرد و باکتری‌های اكسيد‌كننده گوگردی بر میزان مصرف فسفر و تأثیر آن بر عملكرد كمّي و كيفي سیاهدانه (Nigella sativa L.) در خاك آهكي، آزمايشي در سال زراعي 92-1391 در مزرعه تحقيقاتي دانشكده كشاورزي دانشگاه فردوسي مشهد به اجرا در آمد. این مطالعه به‌صورت فاكتوريل در قالب طرح بلوک‌های كامل تصادفی با 12 تيمار و سه تكرار طراحي شد. چهار اصلاح‌کننده خاک آهکی (شاهد، ورمي‌كمپوست + باكتري تيوباسيلوس، گوگرد + باكتري تيوباسيلوس و ورمي‌كمپوست + گوگرد + باكتري تيوباسيلوس) و سه سطح كاربرد فسفر (صفر، 30 و 60 كيلوگرم در هكتار) به‌ترتيب به‌عنوان عامل اول و دوم آزمايش انتخاب شدند. بر اساس نتايج تجزيه واريانس، ارتفاع بوته، شاخص سطح برگ و وزن خشك بوته سياهدانه در مرحله گل‌دهی به‌طور معني­دار تحت تأثیر اثر متقابل مقدار فسفر و اصلاح‌كننده­هاي خاك قرار گرفتند. هم‌چنين اثر متقابل ذکر شده بر عملكرد دانه و عملكرد بيولوژيك سياهدانه معنی‌دار بود. در شرايط عدم كاربرد فسفر، نقش تيمار گوگرد + باکتری تيوباسيلوس در افزايش معني­دار عملكرد دانه و عملکرد بيولوژيك سياهدانه بيش از كاربرد 30 و 60 كيلوگرم در هكتار فسفر به تنهايي بود. كاربرد ورمي‌كمپوست + باکتری تيوباسيلوس به تنهايي و يا همراه با گوگرد بيش‌ترين تأثیر معني­دار را در افزايش عملكرد دانه و بيولوژيك سیاهدانه داشت. به‌طوري‌كه در نتيجه كاربرد تيمار ورمي‌كمپوست + باکتری تيوباسيلوس و نيز تيمار ورمي‌كمپوست + گوگرد + باکتری تيوباسيلوس، عملكرد دانه نسبت به تيمار شاهد به‌ترتيب تا 3/63 و 4/84 درصد افزايش يافت. در خاك­هاي آهكي، اكسيداسيون بيولوژيكي گوگرد به تنهايي و يا همراه با كود ورمي‌كمپوست مي­تواند به راهكاري مناسب جهت فراهمي بيش‌تر فسفر در خاك و افزايش عملكرد كمّي و كيفي سياهدانه مطرح باشد.


 

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

باكتري تيوباسيلوس, درصد اسانس, درصد روغن, گوگرد, ورمي‌كمپوست

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ارجاع به مقاله
سیدیس. م., رضوانی مقدمپ., خواجه حسینیم., & شاهندهح. (2017). نقش اصلاح‌کننده¬هاي خاک¬های آهکی بر عملكرد كمّي و كيفي سياهدانه (Nigella sativa L.) . بوم شناسی کشاورزی, 11(4), 1437-1448. https://doi.org/10.22067/jag.v11i4.27851
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی