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محمد بهزاد امیری ‍‍پرویز رضوانی مقدم محسن جهان

چکیده

به‎منظور بررسی اثر اسیدهای آلی، ریزوباکترهای محرک رشد گیاه و گونه‎های مختلف میکوریزا بر عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد گاوزبان ایرانی (Echium amoenum Fisch. & Mey.) پژوهشی در دانشگاه فردوسي مشهد در سه سال زراعي متوالي 91-1390، 92-1391 و 93-1392 به­صورت اسپلیت‎پلات در زمان در قالب طرح بلوك­هاي كامل تصادفي با سه تكرار انجام شد. هفت نوع اصلاح­کننده­ خاک و كود بيولوژيك مختلف شامل 1- اسيد هيوميك، 2- اسيد فولويك، 3- نيتروكسين (حاوي باكتري‌هاي Azotobacter spp. و Azospirillum spp.)، 4- بيوفسفر (حاوي باكتري‌هاي Bacillus sp. و Pseudomonas sp.)، 5- بيوسولفور (حاوی باکتری­ Thiobacillus spp.)، 6- ميكوريزا (حاوی قارچ Glomus mosseae) و 7- ميكوريزا (حاوی قارچ Glomus intraradices) و عدم استفاده از كود به­عنوان تيمار شاهد در کرت­های اصلی و زمان (سال­های زراعی دوم و سوم) در کرت­های فرعی قرار گرفتند. نتایج آزمایش نشان داد که بیشترین مقدار عملکرد گل خشک (1004 کیلوگرم در هکتار) در نتیجه­ کاربرد اسید ­هیومیک به­دست آمد. کاربرد اسیدهای آلی هیومیک و فولویک وزن دانه در بوته را به‎ترتیب 38 و 25 درصد و تعداد دانه در بوته را به‎ترتیب 19 و 17 درصد نسبت به شاهد افزایش دادند. کودهای اسید فولویک، نیتروکسین، بیوفسفر، بیوسولفور، میکوریزا (Glomus mosseae) و میکوریزا (Glomus intraradices) نیز به­ترتیب افزایش 27، 20، 4، 26، 30 و 28 درصدی عملکرد گل خشک را در مقایسه با شاهد سبب شدند. بیشترین شاخص برداشت گل و دانه به­ترتیب در نتیجه­ استفاده از میکوریزا (Glomus intraradices) و اسید هیومیک حاصل شد.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

اسید هیومیک, بیوسولفور, شاخص برداشت گل, میکوریزا, نیتروکسین

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ارجاع به مقاله
امیریم. ب., رضوانی مقدم‍., & جهانم. (۱۳۹۸-۰۱-۰۶). کاربرد نهاده‎های بوم‎سازگار در زراعت گاوزبان ایرانی (Echium amoenum Fisch. & Mey.) در شرایط مشهد. بوم شناسی کشاورزی, 10(3), 679-698. https://doi.org/10.22067/jag.v10i3.49639
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی

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