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محبوبه عبداللهی مایوان سرور خرم دل علیرضا کوچکی رضا قربانی

چکیده

به منظور بررسی اجزای عملکرد و عملکرد بیولوژیک، گل و بذر گیاه دارویی گاوزبان اروپایی (Borago officinalis L.) تحت تأثیر مقادیر آبیاری و تراکم بوته، آزمایشی به¬صورت اسپلیت پلات در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد در سال زراعی 92-1391 اجرا شد. سه مقدار آبیاری (1000 (I1)، 2000 (I2) و 3000 (I3) متر¬مکعب در هکتار) به عنوان عامل اصلی و چهار تراکم بوته (16 (D1)، 20 (D2)، 67/26 (D3) و 40 (D4)) به عنوان عامل فرعی در نظر گرفته شد. نتایج نشان داد که اثرات ساده و متقابل مقادیر آبیاری و تراکم بوته بر روی عملکرد گل، بذر، بیولوژیک، تعداد گل، شاخه جانبی و تعداد دانه گیاه دارویی گاوزبان اروپایی معنی‌دار بود. اثر ساده مقدار آبیاری بر وزن هزار دانه معنی¬دار بود. بیشترین و کمترین عملکرد گل به ترتیب در تیمارهای D3I3 و D1I1 با مقادیر 81/0 و 14/0 گرم در متر¬مربع به دست آمد. با افزایش آبیاری به¬دلیل بهبود خصوصیات رشدی، به¬تبع آن عملکرد افزایش یافت، اما افزایش تراکم تا 40 بوته در متر¬مربع به¬دلیل افزایش رقابت درون گونه¬ای برای جذب آب و مواد غذایی کاهش رشد و عملکرد را موجب گردید.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
عبداللهی مایوانم., خرم دلس., کوچکیع., & قربانیر. (۱۳۹۶-۰۹-۱۲). ارزیابی عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد گاوزبان اروپایی (Borago officinalis L.) تحت تأثیر مقادیر آبیاری و تراکم بوته. بوم شناسی کشاورزی, 10(2), 327-339. https://doi.org/10.22067/jag.v10i2.34695
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