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سیده سعیده زنده باد پرویز رضوانی مقدم رضا قربانی رضا خراسانی

چکیده

به­منظور بررسی تأثیر کودهای آلی، شیمیایی و تلقيح ميكوريزايي بر شاخص­های رشدی، عملکرد کمی و کیفی چین‌های مختلف گیاه دارویی شوید (Anethum graveolens L.)، آزمایشی در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد در سال زراعی 92-1391 به اجرا درآمد. آزمایش به صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی اجرا شد. در اين مطالعه 12 تیمار که شامل فاکتوریل كود آلی و شيميايی در چهار سطح (کود دامی، ورمی­کمپوست، کود شیمیایی اوره و شاهد) و تلقيح ميكوريزايی در سه سطح (Glomus mosseae و Glomus intraradices و عدم تلقيح) در نظر گرفته شدند. بر اساس نتایج به­دست آمده، بیشترین و کمترین عملکرد بخش سبزینه­ای به­ترتیب در چین دوم و چین سوم معادل 4259 و 2043 کیلوگرم در هکتار مشاهده شد. همچنین نتایج مقایسه میانگین‌ها نشان داد که شاخص سطح برگ، عملکرد بخش سبزینه­ای، عملکرد ماده خشک، درصد و عملكرد اسانس، بین تیمارهای میکوریزایی با تيمار شاهد تفاوت معني­داري داشت. با این وجود بین تیمارهای تلقیح با G. mosseae وG. intraradices  تفاوت معنی­داری (در سطح پنج درصد) در صفات ذکر شده مشاهده نشد. عملکرد بخش سبزینه­ای، عملكرد ماده خشك و عملکرد اسانس گیاه دارویی شوید در کودهای آلی (ورمی­کمپوست و دامی) به­طور معنی­داری بیش از تیمار کود شیمیایی بود. با توجه به نتایج به­دست آمده به­نظر می­رسد استفاده از انواع کودهای آلی در مقایسه با شیمیایی، نقش بیشتری در بهبود عملکرد کمی و کیفی گیاه شوید داشته باشد.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

چين, عملكرد اسانس, ورمي¬كمپوست

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ارجاع به مقاله
زنده بادس. س., رضوانی مقدمپ., قربانیر., & خراسانیر. (۱۳۹۷-۱۱-۰۲). تأثیر کودهای آلی، شیمیایی و تلقيح ميكوريزايي بر عملکرد کمی و کیفی گياه دارويي شوید (Anethum graveolens L.). بوم شناسی کشاورزی, 10(3), 621-634. https://doi.org/10.22067/jag.v10i3.30996
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی

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